Jolanta Budzowska participated in the fourth European Economic Congress in Katowice. As a part of the latter, on 15 May 2012, there took place the Second Congress of Private Hospitals. The European substantive part of the discussions involved the Directive 2011/24/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 2011 on the application of patients’ rights in cross-border healthcare, which becomes effective on 25 October 2013. Its implementation into the Polish law is currently taking place. The second part of the Congress focused on the risks and opportunities of the private sector, resulting from the recent legislative changes (the Act on medical activity and the Act on patients’ rights and on patients’ ombudsman) such as in the context of the additional mandatory insurance of hospitals against medical events.